Energy consumption in the Austrian manufacturing sector

Manufacturing accounts for one-third of energy consumption in Austria, or about 300 petajoules (PJ) of energy each year. In 2007 this was equal to around 29% of the country's total final energy consumption.

Overall energy consumption

Energy consumption in the manufacturing sector has been on the rise in the past few decades (see Fig 1). Demand has grown particularly sharply since the mid-1990s, and in 2007 was 45% higher than in 1990.

 

Fig 1: energy consumption in the manufacturing sector, 1970–2007 (TJ)

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Fig 2 shows the breakdown of energy consumption by sector in 2007. The four heaviest power users are the paper and printing, iron and steel, chemical, and non-metallic mineral products sectors. These four sectors alone account for almost 60% of total energy consumption in the manufacturing sector.

 

Fig 2: energy consumption in the manufacturing sector by industry (%)

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Power consumption in manufacturing industry is fairly evenly spread across the various energy forms: electricity and gas each account for one-third of the total, and the share of renewables is roughly the same as that of oil and coal together, both groups make up about one-sixth of total energy consumption (see Fig 3).

Manufacturing companies also generate large quantities of electricity themselves. Autogeneration peaked at just over 9 TWh in 1998 (see Fig 4).

The heaviest energy users in the manufacturing sector are motors, industrial furnaces and boilers. Space heating, air conditioning and lighting account for a far smaller proportion of consumption (see Fig 5).

 

Fig 5: total final energy consumption by use (%)

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